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Foreword to the Qualifications

Introduction to the qualifications

History & evolution of the current qualifications

The assessment process

Course content and learning outcomes

1. Covert Surveillance


Definitions, types and objectives
Methods of surveillance
The surveillance operator
Personal appearance and dress
Types of surveillance target
Third party awareness
Loss versus gain
Principle phases of surveillance

Theory Questions

2. Planning & Preparation


Planning and objectives
The target person
Sources of information
The surveillance start point
Target reconnaissance & reports
Surveillance triggers
Health & safety Risk assessments
Surveillance briefings and debriefings

Theory Questions

3. Communications

Types of communication equipment
Mobile and handheld radios
Antennas & frequencies
Covert systems
Radio security & codes
Voice procedure
Phonetic alphabet

Radio call signs and networks
Spot codes
The click system

Theory Questions

4. Equipment & Technical


The car bag
Basic equipment
Covert video cameras
Rapid deployment cameras
Tracking devices
Night vision optics
UAV drones

Theory Questions

5. Foot Surveillance

Foot surveillance tactics
Foot surveillance compromises
Covert communications
The shadow car
Cafes & public houses
Buildings with multiple exits
Indoor shopping malls
Public transport
Deploying from a vehicle
Rolling stakeouts

Theory Questions

6. Mobile Surveillance

The surveillance team
Surveillance vehicles
Safety equipment
Mobile communications
Stakeouts: primary, secondary, tertiary
Mobile surveillance tactics
Mobile voice procedure
Loss of contact

Multi-storey car parks



Motorway tactics

Night mobile surveillance

Surveillance compromises

Single handed surveillance

Road traffic accidents

Theory Questions

7. Static Surveillance

Observation posts
Vehicle OP’s
Surveillance vans
Van compromises
Covert cars (boot fits)
Urban observation posts
Rural observation posts

Theory Questions

8. Surveillance Detection

Definitions: anti surveillance & counter surveillance
Foot anti-surveillance drills
Mobile anti-surveillance drills
Planned and unplanned detection routes
Counter Surveillance
Hostile planning cycle
The need for counter surveillance
Counter surveillance detection routes

Theory Questions

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9. Evidence & Law

Human Rights Act
Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act
Investigatory Powers Tribunal
Protection from Harassment Act
Criminal Procedure and investigations Act
Data Protection Act
Use of trackers
Evidence gathering
Describing people
Memory & perception
Surveillance logs & reports
Witness statements
Eye-witness testimony
Preservation of photographic evidence

Theory Questions

10. Training

The licencing issue & the SIA
SIA Standards of Behaviour
Training courses
Level 3 Award in Professional Investigation
Open Source Intelligence (OSINT)
Surveillance Detection (Counter Surveillance)
Rural Surveillance
Surveillance Photography
Professional Witness Training
Concealed Covert CCTV
Video Editing for Surveillance Operators
Industrial Espionage Training
Specialist Military Training

Glossary of Terms


Coffee Time Crossword


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